Currency pair Wikipedia

Choose a platform or broker First, select a forex broker that meets your needs. It’s worth considering factors such as fee structure, user interface, minimum trading volumes and whether educational resources such as demo accounts are available. Because the ‘exotic’ currency in these pairs is not widely traded, the actions of each individual trader can also have a comparatively large impact on market sentiment.

  1. However, minor currency pairs, also known as cross-currency pairs, do not include the U.S. dollar.
  2. To be successful in the Forex market, it is essential to have a thorough understanding of the major currency pairs.
  3. For example, when a positive outlook is created in a country’s economy, there is an increase in demand for its currency, leading to positive market sentiment.
  4. The currency pairs that are the most highly traded in the world are called the major currency pairs.
  5. The format used to represent a currency pair may vary depending on where it’s being traded.

Although it is widely regarded that the major pairs consist of only four pairs, some believe that the USD/CAD, AUD/USD, and NZD/USD pairs should also be regarded as majors. These three pairs can be found in the group known as the “commodity pairs.” Basically, an exotic currency pair includes one major currency alongside an exotic currency.

Factors such as economic indicators, geopolitical events, and central bank policies can influence the prices of currency pairs. The prices of currency pairs in the Forex market are influenced by a variety of factors. Understanding these factors is essential for traders looking to make informed decisions and maximise their opportunities.

A pip (percentage in point) is the smallest increment of trade. One pip typically equals 1/100 of 1%, or the number in the fourth decimal point. Most currencies are priced out to the fourth or fifth decimal point. Exceptions to this rule are currency pairs that include the que es stop loss Japanese Yen (JPY) as the quote currency. These pairs typically price out to two or three decimal places, with a pip being represented by the second decimal place. GBP/USD is one of the most popular forex pairs that represents the UK’s Pound Sterling and US’s Dollar.

What is a currency pair?

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High volume also means that traders can enter and exit the market with ease, with large position sizes. In lower volume pairs it may be more difficult to sell or buy a large position without causing the price to move significantly. Exotic currency pairs are made up of one major currency paired with the currency of an emerging economy, such as Brazil, Mexico, Chile, Turkey, or Hungary. Currencies are traded through a “forex broker” or “CFD provider” and are traded in pairs. While much forex trading happens within the space of a single trading day, it’s possible to hold a currency pair for days, weeks, months, or even years. Each currency pair consists of a ‘base’ and a ‘quote’ currency.

The USD/JPY currency pair is a distant second place, followed by the GBP/USD, and the USD/CHF with a small share of the global forex market. These major currency pairs form the backbone of the Forex market, providing liquidity and stability. To engage in profitable trading in the Forex market, it is important to understand the base currency and quote currency because changes in their exchange rate affect the value of each currency pair. Understanding how currency pairs work and having a solid grasp of Forex trading fundamentals is key to success in this dynamic financial market. By staying informed, managing risks effectively, and continuously learning from both successes and failures, traders can navigate the world of currency pairs with confidence. As a trader, it’s important to choose your desired currency pairs wisely based on various factors such as liquidity, volatility, and economic trends impacting those particular currencies.


Unlike the major pairs, they are a lot less liquid, more susceptible to market fundamentals and internal economic and political changes. However, minor currency pairs, also known as cross-currency pairs, do not include the U.S. dollar. Although minor currency pairs have lower liquidity and trading volume compared to major currency pairs, they are still significant in the Forex market.

Base currency

The common factor here – the currency pairs always have the same base and quote currencies. These currency pairs are also relatively stable and strong, which makes them less volatile than others, and are influenced by supply and demand. It starts with the volume – they have very high trading volumes. This makes it easier for traders to get in and out of positions because at any point there are other traders willing to buy or sell them.

You could lose money in sterling even if the stock price rises in the currency of origin. Currency pairs are quoted based on their bid (buy) and ask prices (sell). The bid price is the price that the forex broker will buy the base currency from you in exchange for the quote or counter currency. The ask—also called the offer—is the price that the broker will sell you the base currency in exchange for the quote or counter currency. They represent some of the world’s largest economies and are traded in high volumes. The US Dollar is one of the main currencies traded in the forex market.

For example, EUR/USD represents the Euro against the US dollar. In contrast, professional Interbank traders will typically deal directly with other professional forex market counterparties at banks and other financial institutions. The currencies of the major pairs are all free-floating, meaning their prices are determined by supply and demand. Central banks may step in to control the price, but typically only when it is necessary to prevent the price from rising or falling so much that it could cause economic harm. High volume means more people willing to buy or sell at a given time, too, resulting in a smaller chance of slippage, or smaller slippage when it does occur. It can, although much less so than in thinly traded exotic pairs.

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